County documented: documented It also provides important nesting and roosting habitat for various species of birds. (Wetland indicator code: Populus deltoides These trees thrive in USDA zones 5 through 9 and live over 150 years, so think before you … Balsam poplar is a fast-growing species native to Alaska, Canada, and the northern part of the continental United States that can grow to 80’ tall. It is most common in white spruce (Picea glauca) forests of Canada but can extend beyond the conifer treeline in western Canada and Alaska . Poplar trees thrive in moist areas with plenty of drainage, according to the Ontario Extension Office. Simple, alternate on stem, 3" to 6" long; ovate, long pointed, edges finely toothed, dark green and shiny above, pale and often rusty tinged beneath; turns yellow in autumn. The buds, one of balsam poplar’s most distinctive features, are large and pointed. populations both exist in a county, only native status The buds exude the same resin, from which the tree takes its common name, as it is the source of "balm of Gilead," traditionally used as an ointment to relieve chest congestion. Pennsylvania. 1. Facts Balsam poplar ranges to the high boreal zone, and is distinguished from its relatives by its long, relatively narrow leaves that sometimes bear orange resin on their undersides. candicans (Ait.) crispa) . Your help is appreciated. Copyright: various copyright holders. All rights reserved. Buds are large, pointed, golden-yellow, covered generously with varnish like resin or pitch, and give off a strong, pungent aroma. CT, MA, ME, RI, Common names are from state and federal lists. is an uncommon hybrid poplar that has escaped from cultivation in Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. This tree grows mostly in temperate climates. Crown narrow, pyramidal with thick, ascending branches. Interpreting Wetland Status. Gray; Although annual growth rates are dependent on growing conditions balsam poplars can grow 2 feet in a single year. Cultivation. Balm of Gilead Description. Pennsylvania. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Populus Populus balsamifera L. ssp. candicans (Ait.) VT; becoming infrequent in southern New England. This tree attains a height of 50–70 ft., with a trunk about 18 inches in diameter. Balsam poplar, North American poplar (Populus balsamifera), native from Labrador to Alaska and across the extreme northern U.S. Often cultivated as a shade tree, it has buds thickly coated with an aromatic resin that is used to make cough syrups. At 20 years of age balsam poplar trees can reach up to 35 feet in height. The buds of aspen poplar are not coated with a fragrant, sticky resin like those of balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera). The branches are smooth, round and deep brown. ; Expect between 3 and 5 feet of new growth a year. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). 2020 Sarg. Poplar trees prefer a slightly acidic pH level but will tolerate neutral and mildly alkaline pH level soils, also. Black cottonwood is a large deciduous tree belonging to the willow family (Salicaceae). There are around 35 species of poplar trees that differ in size, shape of the leaves, color of the bark and type of habitat. The Balsam poplar in North America is a far more widespread tree where it is planted as timber. This resin is flammable, so the twigs are useful for starting camp fires. N. balsam poplar. Balsam poplar is a seral species that occurs primarily in ecotones between boreal forest and tundra or prairie, and along streams and rivers. The light, soft wood is used for pulp and construction. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Photo by www.raydw.com . Other notes. Expect between 3 and 5 feet of new growth a year. Many kinds of wildlife use the twigs for food. FACW). Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), forest edges, forests, meadows and fields, shores of rivers or lakes, Usually occurs in wetlands, but occasionally in non-wetlands. Balsam Poplar has been effective in helping eczema when blended in a salve of St. John's Wort . It has long been known by the name P. tacamahaca 
 P. Mill. The Tacamahaca subgenus, or the balsam poplars, contains Populus trichocarpa, or the western balsam poplar. Populus balsamifera . subcordata Hyl. Our Balsam poplar is found in northern parts of the United States and Canada. state. (intentionally or The light, soft wood is used for pulp and construction. you. This tree is very sensitive to sulfur dioxide fumigation caused by landfill fires . The flowers form long catkins up to 8 cm (3.2 in). Wetland Status. P. balsamifera L. var. 2×3. While widespread across the northern two thirds of Minnesota and prominent in the state's northwest aspen parkland, balsam poplar is probably the least readily recognized native poplar by … However, at this […] Growth Rate and Mature Height. Balsam Poplar. Wetland Status. Interpreting Wetland Status. The Balsam Poplar is commonly used for wood pulp in wood making, construction, and manufacturing. Show Balsam Poplar. At 20 years of age balsam poplar trees can reach up to 35 feet in height. General - medium to large-sized, averaging 23 - 30 m (75 - 100 ft) high, broadleaved hardwood. The first two are massive trees, growing to over 100 feet tall. unintentionally); has become naturalized. P. balsamifera). Growth Rate and Mature Height. Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) is the northernmost American hardwood and a major deciduous tree in Canada and Alaska. RI, Balsam poplar twigs are red-gray to brown and the bark is gray-green and smooth that becomes grayer with age and produced flat scaly ridges. Hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-9. The balsam poplar is the northernmost North American hardwood. a sighting. They are also gummy, and sometimes release a red resin. P. balsamifera L. var. ×‌jackii P. tacamahaca P. Mill. In recent years, more interest has been placed on evaluation of hybrid poplar for short-rotation chip production for pulp and energy uses. P. tacamahaca P. Mill. balsam poplar. VT. Balsam Poplar Tree The balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) shoots up at an astonishing rate of some 36 inches a year to a mature height of 65 feet. Balsam Poplar has been known to have a very strong anti-inflammatory effect. It is most common in white spruce (Picea glauca) forests of Canada but can extend beyond the conifer treeline in western Canada and Alaska . Populus balsamifera Populus balsamifera, commonly called balsam poplar, bam, bamtree, eastern balsam-poplar, hackmatack, tacamahac poplar, tacamahaca, is a tree species in the balsam poplar species group in the poplar genus, Populus. Non-native: introduced Populus Dark green on the top, light underneath. Balsam poplar trees grow quickly throughout their life cycle and reach up to 80 feet on average. P. candicans Ait. balsam poplar. Endangered. A database that provides information on more than 200 native tree and shrub species, and on almost 300 insects and 200 diseases found in Canada's forests. Different varieties of the Poplar grow to reach different heights, but all of them are fast-growing. Wed 01/05/11. The leaves are ovate, gradually tapering and … Many kinds of wildlife use the twigs for food. Other names are tacamahac, cottonwood, or heartleaf balsam poplar. Lombardy poplars in landscapes develop small flowers in spring. NH, lanceolata (Marsh.) Balsam poplar is a seral species that occurs primarily in ecotones between boreal forest and tundra or prairie, and along streams and rivers. in 20 years). Buds: Winter buds of poplars have several scales, unlike those of willows, which have a single bud scale. This is … It grows best in northwestern Canada. is shown on the map. Habitat: In moist depressions, along rivers, streams and floodplains. It can be recognized by its broad-ovate or triangular-ovate leaf blades that are acuminate at the apex and borne on weakly compressed petioles, visicid terminal winter buds, terete branchlets (rather than somewhat 4-angled in While widespread across the northern two thirds of Minnesota and prominent in the state's northwest aspen parkland, balsam poplar is probably the least readily recognized native poplar by the average Minnesotan. Balsam poplar is a medium-sized (exceptionally over 30 m tall), deciduous broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a narrow, open crown of thick ascending branches and gray and deeply furrowed bark. Wed 01/05/11. The balsam poplar is the northernmost North American hardwood. × var. balsamifera – balsam poplar Subordinate Taxa. The balsam poplar, or tacamahac (P. balsamifera), which is native throughout northern North America in swampy soil, is distinguished by its aromatic resinous buds. Hybrid poplar bark, twigs and leaves are eaten by rodents, rabbits, deer, beavers and porcupines. The edges of … It is common in much of Canada’s parkland and boreal forest. Streaked with brown and grey, the wood is valued for carving and other uses. ; We depend on Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) is the northernmost American hardwood. Populus balsamifera Poplar tree Facts Poplar is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Salicaceae. River shores and banks, forests and forest borders, lake shores, successional fields, roadsides. Endangered. Discover thousands of New England plants. Description: Deciduous tree, with egg shaped leaves. Also covers those considered historical (not seen The Balsam Poplar is commonly used for wood pulp in wood making, construction, and manufacturing. lanceolata Marsh. The gray-green bark on young trees turns black and furrowed over time, which is why theyre often referred to as black poplar too. Populus balsamifera . Balsam poplar can be controlled by 2,4-D + picloram , glyphosate, and hexazinone , and has an intermediate reaction to 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T . Lombardy poplar tree facts tell you that the trees are deciduous. Description. © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. ; Populus balsamifera L. var. balsamifera Exact status definitions can vary from state to The leaves of balsam poplar smell in the sprouting and are up to 12 cm long. It is a hardy, fast-growing tree which is generally short lived, with some trees reaching 200 years. Balsam Poplar essential oil is also known for its scar reducing and wound healing effects. Endangered. to exist in the county by The Balsam poplar is often the largest tree in the northern and western parts of its range. Ref… Endangered. Poplar tree growth rates are affected by a variety of factors including soil fertility, annual rainfall, soil pH and temperature. NH, balsamifera. • image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Hybrid poplar bark, twigs and leaves are eaten by rodents, rabbits, deer, beavers and porcupines. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust The leaves are heart shaped at the base, and pointy at the tip. The leaves are pointed and the leaf margins are notched. Note: when native and non-native This tree’s leaves are 3-6” long and ovate with a pointed tip. Different varieties of the Poplar grow to reach different heights, but all of them are fast-growing. You are most likely to see four poplar varieties in the United States: white, eastern, Lombardy, and balsam poplar. Poplar tree can be found throughout northern hemisphere (North America, Europe, Asia and North Africa). balsam poplar. ×‌gileadensis Rouleau. Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West.Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. → The buds of the balm of Gilead poplar (P. × jackii), which is similar, are used to make an ointment. the state. The first two are massive trees, growing to over 100 feet tall. Beaver also use the twigs for building their lodges. The genus name Populus is from the Latin for poplar, and the specific epithet balsamifera from Latin for "balsam-bearing". The Go Botany project is supported However, these are inconspicuous and do not transform these trees into ornamentals. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within All Characteristics, The base of the leaf blade is cordate (heart-shaped, with rounded lobes), the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is coriaceous (has a firm, leathery texture), the leaf blade is herbaceous (has a leafy texture), the leaf blade margin is crenate (with rounded teeth) or crenulate (with tiny, rounded teeth), the leaf blade margin is serrate (with forward-pointing) or dentate (with outward-pointing) with medium-sized to coarse teeth, the plant does not have much of an odor, or it has an unpleasant or repellant odor, the twigs have hairs, but the hairs do not have glands. Balsam poplar is a medium-sized (exceptionally over 30 m tall), deciduous broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a narrow, open crown of thick ascending branches and gray and deeply furrowed bark. White Poplar (Populus alba) The white poplar trees grows up to 20 meters and possesses bark that … Found this plant? On the whole, the flower is inconspicuous. For details, please check with your state. Can you please help us? P. deltoides), staminate flowers with 25–40 stamens (rather than (30–) 40–80 stamens in parks tree, single tree or planting in groups, overview leaves | overview blossoms | overview fruit | overview trunkoverview winter | overview trees, back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. CT, MA, ME, Bark: These trees have smooth, light green or whitish bark. The leaves are pointed and the leaf margins are notched. These trees thrive in USDA zones 5 through 9 and live over 150 years, so think before you … Large trees can be blackish and fissured at the base. Leaves: In aspen, the leaf st… Poplar is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Salicaceae. in part by the National Science Foundation. There are around 35 species of poplar trees that differ in size, shape of the leaves, color of the bark and type of habitat. This plant has no children Legal Status. The variety that is native to the continents of Africa and Asia is a small tree of 10 – 12 ft (3-3.6 m) in height. Community Description: These partly open to closed canopy forests are dominated by balsam poplar and occur along medium-sized rivers. The twigs are light brown to brown with bright lenticels. Balsam Poplar. Balm of Gilead (Cammiphora opobalsamum, known as Populus candicans in the United States) is a substance used in perfumes that is derived from the resinous juices of the balsam poplar tree.The tree is a member of the Bursera family. You are most likely to see four poplar varieties in the United States: white, eastern, Lombardy, and balsam poplar. The leaves are heart shaped at the base, and pointy at the tip. In Europe, it has no special importance. Photo by www.raydw.com . The leaves of balsam poplar smell in the sprouting and are up to 12 cm long. Lombardy poplar grows in a pyramid shape, while balsam poplar is … Our subspecies is Populus balsamifera L. ssp. balsam poplar. It grows transcontinentally on upland and flood plain sites but attains the best development on flood plains. Other names are tacamahac, cottonwood, or heartleaf balsam poplar. Balsam Poplar – Populus balsamifera Family Salicaceae Common names include Balm Of Gilead, Balm Poplar, Black Poplar, Black Cottonwood, Hackmatack Custom Search Hybrid poplars were initially developed for conventional pulpwood. Balsam poplar is a fast-growing species that can grow up to 80' tall. var. It is one of the largest of some 40 species of Populus and is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the western United States. Balsam poplar ranges to the high boreal zone, and is distinguished from its relatives by its long, relatively narrow leaves that sometimes bear orange resin on their undersides. 2. The seeds hang on 12 – 14 cm (4.7 – 5.5 in) long catkins. A database that provides information on more than 200 native tree and shrub species, and on almost 300 insects and 200 diseases found in Canada's forests. P. deltoides), and 2- or 3-valved capsules with 7–14 (–20) seeds per placenta (rather than 2-valved capsules with 15–22 seeds per placenta in All images and text © balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) leaf underside, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) leaves, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) fruit, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) budding, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) fruits, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) axial-buds, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) terminal bud, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) trunk / stem. Balsam Poplar Tree The balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) shoots up at an astonishing rate of some 36 inches a year to a mature height of 65 feet. Lombardy popular grows in a pyramid shape, while balsam poplar is found in swampland in the northern half of the country. Balsam Poplar Balsam poplar trees grow quickly throughout their life cycle and reach up to 80 feet on average. Balsam fir trees (Abies balsamea) are also commonly referred to as the balm of Gilead, Northern balsam, silver pine or blister fir. This ornamental tree is native to cooler climates and is commonly selected for use as a Christmas Tree. It also provides important nesting and roosting habitat for various species of birds. It provides forage for browsing wildlife such as white-tailed and mule deer up through the sapling stage. To reuse an 3. Their diamond-shaped leaves change from bright green to blazing golden yellow, then they fall. Aspen poplar is a slender deciduous tree that grows up to 30 m (100 ft.) tall. The buds are red-brown and pointed. The aspens are most comfortable in boreal environments dominated by conifers with aspen being a major broad-leaved species. Poplar tree can be found throughout northern hemisphere (North … 2. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Farw. Also covers post This association includes a wide range of early seral, wetland, and floodplain species. Balsam poplar has an allelopathic effect on green alder (Alnus viridis spp. State documented: documented L. ssp. It provides forage for browsing wildlife such as white-tailed and mule deer up through the sapling stage. Take a photo and Habitat: In moist depressions, along rivers, streams and floodplains. Hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-9. Stout; Dark green on the top, light underneath. Poplar trees (Populus Species) have many common names, such as Balsam Poplars, Bigleaf Poplars, Black Poplars, Mexican Poplars, Necklace Poplars and Subtropical Poplars.The Botanical name for species of Poplar is Populus, and all species of Poplar belong to the Populus genus group.. Description: Deciduous tree, with egg shaped leaves.