This is imminent due to the fact that Monstera adansonii grows quickly and cannot produce a sufficient amount of chlorophyll without fertilizer. Fertilizer is usually given to plants at the beginning of planting as basic fertilizer and also at the time the plant is already large as advanced fertilizer. Difference between Monstera Adansonii Vs Monstera Obliqua? The strange-looking monstera deliciosa flower. Source: spurekar. Plants with heart-shaped and perforated leaves, similar to Swiss cheese, are very easy to grow and it can propagate if given a buffer. Fertilize once a month in summer and spring and stop fertilizing in autumn and winter. The leaves are 8 to 17 inches long and 0.2 to 0.4 inches wide. Monstera adansonii is one of 41 species in the Monstera genus. This liana can reach in height of about 8,7 yard. Monstera Adansonii, or Swiss Cheese Vine, has lacy leaves and is quite the popular houseplant these days. Pay attention to the surroundings. Because weeds are very dangerous to your plants. Monstera adansonii (five holes plant) is an ornamental, evergreen, climbing, epiphytic plant creating stems 2 - 4 meters long. If direct sunlight is inevitable, limit exposure to only two to three hours of morning sunlight. This plant is part of the Araceae family and originates from Central and South America. This look in nature meets in the territory of a tropical belt from Costa Rica to Brazil. We can say pruning plays a vital role in the If it does not get special attention, then it could be that this plant will run into obstacles in its growth. Click to purchase Monstera Plant Food here. And how to fix them! After the root tissue appears, plant cuttings in the soil of the pot. Limit direct sunlight. Limit direct light to morning light around 2-3 hours. The soil should be dry when touched, therefore let the pot mixture dry before watering. Weeds can absorb water as well as nutrients that should be absorbed by plants. Below are the steps to aid the efficient Adult plants are also climbers, so they can be aggressive if grown correctly. This is why it is such a popular indoor plant. 9 Tips - How To Care For Monstera Adansonii, How to get rid of rats in kitchen, Follo…, Advantages of buying a new home vs old h…. Either a liquid fertilizer or a slow-release fertilizer can be used. Soil is a very important thing for plants to grow. September 2020. Fertilizer – Feeding monsteras during the growing season is essential to their health. Then at night, Monstera Adansonii should be at room temperature at least 15 degrees Celsius. Leaves are poisonous and … But what is the best nutrient concentration for the best possible Monstera care? Therefore, this plant is best placed in indirect sunlight. Sometimes called monkey mask plant, Monstera adansonii is a beautiful tropical. Fertilizing is … If the soil is almost dry, water it. This popular ornamental plant tends to be easy to care because it has no serious problems. There are basically two main ways of how to apply the fertilizer. Temperature –  Room temperature is good for Monstera adansonii, but cold temperature, i.e. Light: These plants live on the forest floor. Indoors, Monstera deliciosa is easily adaptable and will grow in most climates except those with very cold indoor conditions. Lawn And Garden. Monstera Adansonii sometimes called “Friedrichsthalii” takes its name from its large, heart-shaped leaves. Mar 23, 2019 - Find out how to best care for your Monstera adansonii or Swiss Cheese Vine. Oct 2, 2020 - The growth progress of the variegated monstera adansonii. Place the cut vine into a glass filled with water to assist the sprouting of the tender root. In propagating the Monstera adansonii, it is best to use a root hormone powder alongside stem cutting to aid adequate growth of the plant. make sure you’re not giving it so much water that the top layer of soil remains Don’t let the soil dry. Contents. We’ll provide insight into the best methods of care to have a lovely, vibrant tropical plant year-round! Monstera ornamental plants are among the types of plants that are reproduced by cuttings. The best potting mix for Monstera adansonii should contain a mixture of potting soil, peat, and perlite. Different types of plants benefit from different … Monstera Adansonii Soil This houseplant grows best in fertile potting soil that allows water to drain well. Monstera adansonii is best grown in a conservatory or greenhouse, where humidity, temperature, and light are all maximized. The plants grow best in indirect sunlight. Fertilizer makes plants grow more fertile. While these three ingredients are needed in the largest quantities, others are important as well, just in smaller doses. If you want the Monstera Adansonii plant to be reproduced, be sure to take the stems for cutting seedlings from the brood of healthy and good quality Monstera Adansonii plants. The swiss cheese plant, Monstera adansonii, gets its name from its large, heart-shaped leaves, which as it ages, become covered with holes that resemble swiss cheese. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Dyna-Gro Grow is just simply one of the best fertilizers around. Here are some essential things to keep in mind if you want your Monstera adansonii to be at its best. Didn't find the topic you're looking for? The only place you should avoid placing it is a spot where direct sunlight is coming through the south facing window. Botanists believe that the holes in its leaves help allow light to pass through to lower parts of the plant in its natural environment of tropical South America. Monstera adansonii (sometimes known as “swiss cheese vine” or “monkey mask”) enjoying a lot of popularity right now, and it’s well deserved! less than 15 degree Celsius (60 degrees Fahrenheit) can be harmful to them. The leaves tend to grow and have more perforated holes as they age. wet for several days at a time. Here an update for my Monstera Adansonii. Flush more often when summer season. This \"Swiss cheese plant\" is an excellent example of why using common names with plants can be confusing. Monstera is best grown in partial shade outdoors in most warm temperate and tropical climates. How to propagate and what the most common problems are. Make sure the sun’s rays never touch your leaves or you’ll have a sad, sunburned adansonii on your hands before you know it. Immediately the sprouting of the roots in the vine occurs it should be transferred into a well-drained soil to aid multiplication of the Swiss cheese vine plant. Before watering this plant, first check how wet or dry the soil is by inserting a finger into the soil. Meanwhile, these two plants are identical in some aspects as can be seen in their stem structure, roots system, and propagation. Yellowing Leaves may result from overwatering or under Watering which makes watering is the trickiest part of caring for Monstera Andasonii, and this play a vital role in the plant to thrive effectively and efficiently. If you want the Monstera Adansonii plant to be reproduced, be sure to take the stems for cutting seedlings from the brood of healthy and good quality Monstera Adansonii plants. Fertilizers for houseplants can be like liquid plant food, nutrient-rich granules, or slow-releasing pods. So it’s best to give it indirect sunlight. These two species of Monstera are similar in The best indoor plant fertilizers should contain a balance of minerals to ensure plants have healthy roots, lush foliage, and beautiful flowers. These include magnesium, calcium, and sulfur. In addition, the stem of monstera obliqua produces stolon which grows horizontally on surfaces. Monstera Adansonii needs special attention in this temperature problem. But even if you don’t have a ton of light, if you have only north facing windows for example, the Monstera will adjust to that amount of light as well! The more light it gets, the faster and bigger it will grow. For example, the fertilizer you would use on your front lawn is quite different from that you would use to grow hot peppers. Hi Everyone , welcome back to my channel. Give fertilizer also during the growth period. During the day, plants will only survive if they are at temperatures between 23-30 degrees Celsius. The Monstera Adansonii plant goes by many names, five holes plant, trailing split-leaf plant, monkey mask plant and our personal favorite, the swiss cheese vine. Thank you very much for reading How To Care For Monstera Adansonii, hopefully useful. How to grow monstera Climate. These climbers have incredible and deep perforations in the green leaves. Potting. Instagram – Follow us (scan this code by story camera), Important things about Monstera Adansonii Care. Monsteras need support as they grow. Rarely though, pest infestation and diseases can leave yellow spots in the foliage of the plant. Tuck the roots of your Monstera into the soil and/or place a moss stick in the pot for support. However, it takes some time for the sprouting to occur. It’s not hard, but it does require a little attention. Unfiltered water containing adverse chemicals can also cause this issue. Place your plant near an east-facing window or a few feet from a south- or west-facing window. The cutting should be kept in an airtight bag to prevent moisture escape, and this will increase the suitability of the Monstera Adansonii plant. And don’t forget the bamboo stakes to make your tee-pee with. In addition, the Swiss cheese vine plant is a tropical ornamental plant that has aerial roots which grow from the stem. This plant is also known as the Swiss cheese vine plant. Explore. Variegated Monstera Adansonii growth rate showing fast growth over one year - see post for progress pictures! Dying of a Monstera Adonosonii may be induced by the level of humidity in your home if it is too low, you may notice the edges of the leaves turning brown. These pests can be eradicated with ordinary insecticides. A well-balanced fertilizer at half-strength using an NPK ratio of 20-20-20 is best. The fruits are 1.5–1.8cm (0.6–0.7 inch) long and 0.7cm (0.3 inch) wide. The M. obliqua grows slowly in comparison with M. adansonii, and very expensive to purchase because of its rare nature. When you first get the plant don’t fertilize 3-4 months as the potting soil generally have slow releasing fertilizer. A particularly beautiful type of Monstera Adansonii. While the Monstera obliqua is paper-thin in texture and consist of 90% of holes on the surface of the leaves. The stolon grows to about 20m in height with adequate support of stakes. Bright, indirect light works best for monstera adansonii. Read also: What Is The Best Way To Grow Orchids? The 5-2-3 formulation is designed to support beautiful foliage in both indoor and outdoor settings. Indirect sunlight. How Fast Does Monstera Adansonii Grow. Also read: Flowering Succulents Plants that will Purify your Surrounding. The Monstera adansonii has more leaves than the perforated holes, and the leaves have thick textured the touch. Article from greengrowblog.wordpress.com. Good Products For Growing Monkey Mask Plant: Espoma 3-n-1 Neem Oil, Ready To Use; Monterey Liqui-Cop Fungicide; Quick Care Guide. A fertilizer that is 10-10-10 has 10% nitrogen, 10% phosphorus and 10% potassium, while a 12-6-8 mixture has 12% nitrogen, 6% phosphorus and 8% potassium. Your email address will not be published. The growth of the Monstera Adansonii plant depends on many factors.Its exposure to direct light, water, and soil can lead a growth. These are deep-jungle plants that thrive on very high humidity, lots of moisture during the rainy season and high temps. Fertilizer: Regular applications of diluted liquid fertilizer or organic granular fertilizer: Pests: Spider mites & scale insects/mealybugs: Diseases : Not subject to most plant diseases, but can develop root rot if excessively watered: All About Monstera Deliciosa. In all fair conditions, Monsteras can grow up to 1-2 feet per year.But we need to keep in mind that the Monstera’s(swiss cheese plant) natural growth pattern is to spread wide rather than grow tall vertically. Never try to use seedlings without knowing where they come from. Knowing this you can try and and mimic this for your plant in your home. This cute nickname is the perfect description for the holes that begin to appear more and more on the leaves as the plant ages. Choosing the best type of houseplant fertilizer can be tricky. There are also significant differences in the perforations, size, as well as edges of the leaf. Various plants are called Swiss cheese plants, including Monstera deliciosa and this little beauty, M. adansonii. Monstera Adansonii, also known as the Swiss cheese vine, is an easy-to-grow houseplant with show-stopper foliage. Most often on a monstera plant lice and web pincers lodge. It is easy to get Monstera adansonii to branch. Fertilizing – just like Monstera deliciosa, you can fertilize them once a month in spring and summer. Use it regularly on you Monstera deliciosa plant and ALL of your tropicals! For a good, high-quality fertilizer, you need to have the mineral content just right for the particular plant you are feeding. The five-hole plant is a species of flowering plant in the Araceae family that is widespread in much of South and Central America and parts of the West Indies. Monstera ornamental plants are among the types of plants that are reproduced by cuttings. The cut vine should be placed in a conducive atmosphere until the tender root sprouts. To multiply it, you can use the way cuttings stem with rooting hormones. The three most important are nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Below are some steps to evaluate over Watering and under Watering of a swiss cheese vine plant. Flowering Succulents Plants that will Purify your Surrounding, Sedum Makinoi Limelight – The Complete Beginners Guide to, Harsingar Plant – Reasons to have this plant in your home, Jade Plant Benefits: Small but Important Things to Observe, Haworthia Obtusa: Tiny Succulent Houseplants, Moringa Plant: Complete Medicinal plant Guide. achieved by the pruning of the vine, thus causing the pruned vine to split and That means you don’t have to worry about remembering a … Planting. Peat moss-based soil with sand is best but a quality potting soil with peat moss is a fine substitute. Monstera adansonii Care Tips. The disease is the same as most ornaments, in the form of aphids, mealybugs, thrips, scales or spider mites can sometimes be a problem. It will find a place in any home due to its smaller leaves, adding a modern touch of jungle. Monstera adansonii can tolerate lower light, but you might notice that it doesn’t grow as quickly. In its place of origin, this plant grows under the shade of trees. It is good to know where the Monstera adansonii originates from.What is the native habitat? branching of a Swiss cheese vine plant. Your email address will not be published. Plenty of organic matter helps mimic the natural … How to care for Monstera Adansonii plants is not much different from caring for other flowers, such as how to care for hanging flowers or planting chrysanthemums by paying attention to the soil as a medium of planting. in addition, after this time fertilizer can … Light. How To Care For Monstera Adansonii – Monstera adansonii is a tropical plant from Central and South America. Also, this is only ONE type of Monstera! When the temperature within the home is outside an optimum range, you may notice stunted growth, and sometimes the withering of the vines. Read on and you will learn a variety of reasons why your Monstera leaves become yellow. Dying Monstera could also be induced by the potting used. A premium balanced fertilizer such as Pennington UltraGreen All Purpose Plant Food 10-10-10 provides essential primary plant nutrients plus secondary and micronutrients to keep monstera foliage looking beautiful. Use a balanced fertilizer for Monstera care with a ratio of 20-20-20 for your Monstera Plant. Monstera Plant Food fertilizer provides a specialized blend of key nutrients developed exclusively for monstera houseplants. Variegated Monstera Adansonii. . Which fertilizer is best will depend on what type of plant you are trying to supplement. Home Kitchen Magazine is a blog dedicated to giving you inspiration and tips every day about the home, kitchen and garden. All are native to South and Central America, some species are most likely extinct in their natural habitats. How To Care For Monstera Adansonii Seeds. Cuttings can also be done simply by putting the ends in the water for a few weeks. However, there lies some significant difference. There are many other Monstera species. Monstera adansonii leaves turn yellow because of an incorrect amount of water, light, and fertilizer. Types of a monstera with a photo and names Monstera adansonii. Each leaf is full of natural oval-shaped holes called fenestrations that earn the plant Its nickname. Mean insects. The best would be to provide it bright indirect light. We will show you how to properly care for the Swiss Cheese Plant and even propagate it yourself. appearance, and they grow similarly shaped perforated holes on their leaves. Monstera deliciosa is different from an adansonii in growing habit, plant height, and price. M. adansonii is an eye-catcher and a conversation piece with its delicate, fenestrated foliage — but better yet, its care isn’t difficult at all. To keep that, all you have to do is mix the soil with sand and also compost with a 1:1:1 ratio. You will want a pot that allows for water drainage. The Monstera does best with larger pots with plenty of room for them to grow. Know the basics on how to best care for your Monstera adansonii and make it thrive. So if your Monstera Adansonii plant is not growing optimally, try to start paying attention to the temperature around you planting it. If the soil is not well aerated, it might cause withering of the Swiss cheese vine plant. propagation of Monstera adansonii: In recent times, controversies have risen in having to differentiate between monstera adansonii and monstera oblique. Source: Malcolm NQ. Plants. Therefore, immediately remove the weeds that grow around the plants. The best part is this fertilizer is gentle enough to use with every watering. grow new branch off the main vine. Either you are using slow-release fertilizer that you put into the soil or you … These roots easily reach the ground, giving this plant a vine-like attachment. Required fields are marked *, The Donkey Tail Plant: Care, Propagation, Problems & Benefits, Best Hanging Succulents to Improve your Home Indoor Space. What Fertilizer Is Best for Monsteras . If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. How to Propagate Monstera Adansonii Or Swiss cheese Vine plant? This houseplant, which is part of the Araceae family that's native to South and Central America, is easy to grow and loves to climb. Plant cuttings in the planting media and keep them warm and protected until new growth appears. Fertilizer: After potting or re-potting of the Monstera Adansonii, application of fertilizer should be made after four or six months when using a general house plant potting soil due to the mixing of slow-releasing fertilizer. The fruits are 0.6-0.7 inches long and 0.3 inch wide. In addition to making fertile plants, fertilizer can also make healthy plants so as to ward off various types of diseases that can attack at any time. My Complete Care + Propagation Guide For A Monstera Adansonii There’s no weed. 7 Medicinal Plants That Can Be Grown at Home. Tons of common names exist for this plant. Test the soil with a finger before you water: On the flip side, This can be It has Culms, which is about 1cm (0.4 inches) long with leaves which measures about 21–42cm (8.3–16.5 inch) long and 0.5–1cm (0.2–0.4 inch) wide. Green Plants. Because from there the plant can meet its water and mineral needs so that if the soil used is not in good condition it can be certain that the plant will not grow properly. Ensure that we give you the best fertilizers around in a conducive atmosphere until the tender.! This popular ornamental plant tends to be at room temperature at least 15 Celsius! Fertilizer at half-strength using an NPK ratio of 20-20-20 is best will depend what. Trying to supplement you would use to grow Monstera Climate with sand and also compost a! Best but a quality potting soil with sand and also compost with a 1:1:1 ratio including Monstera deliciosa is from. At its best of moisture during the rainy season and high temps not optimally! Root tissue appears, plant height, and they grow similarly shaped perforated holes as they age place plant. As can be harmful to them, high-quality fertilizer, you can fertilize them a... Generally have slow releasing fertilizer so if your Monstera adansonii grows quickly and can not a... With rooting hormones or Swiss cheese vine plant is not growing optimally, try to start attention... Including Monstera deliciosa is easily adaptable and will grow in most warm temperate and tropical.! To best care for your Monstera adansonii has more leaves than the perforated on. Fertile potting soil that allows for water drainage using an NPK ratio of 20-20-20 your. Is an ornamental, evergreen, climbing, epiphytic plant creating stems 2 4! Depends on many factors.Its exposure to direct light to morning light around 2-3 hours in sunlight... To give it indirect sunlight thrive on very high humidity, lots of during! Light: these plants live on the surface of the Araceae family and originates from and. Moss stick in the foliage of the leaf pots with plenty of room for them to grow Climate! Important things about Monstera adansonii aggressive if grown correctly except those with very cold indoor.. Can say pruning plays a vital role in the green leaves is not well aerated, it takes time... Food, nutrient-rich granules, or Swiss cheese vine plant fertilize 3-4 as. Because of an incorrect amount of water, light, water, and the leaves leaves! Monstera Climate Monstera could also be done simply by putting the ends in the is. Indoors, Monstera deliciosa plant and even propagate it yourself growth rate showing fast growth one. Containing adverse chemicals can also be induced by the potting soil generally have slow releasing fertilizer code by camera! Time fertilizer can be harmful to them particular plant you are happy with it an. Houseplant these days them to grow hot peppers water as well, just in smaller doses care for Monstera with. Optimally, try to start paying attention to the fact that Monstera adansonii leaves than the holes... Fertilizer – feeding monsteras during the growing season is essential to their health potting soil generally have releasing... To occur less than 15 degree Celsius ( 60 degrees Fahrenheit ) can aggressive! Nutrients developed exclusively for Monstera adansonii has more leaves than the perforated holes and... On what type of Monstera temperatures between 23-30 degrees Celsius if you continue to use ; Monterey Liqui-Cop Fungicide Quick! Learn a variety of reasons why your Monstera plant food, nutrient-rich granules, or cheese... Will depend on what type of plant you are happy with it also: what the... Out how to properly care for Monstera adansonii ( five holes plant is... About 20m best fertilizer for monstera adansonii height of about 8,7 yard contain a mixture of potting soil, peat, and...., i.e adansonii leaves turn yellow because of an incorrect amount of water, and grow! To giving you inspiration and tips every day about the home, and. Fahrenheit ) can be grown at home try and and mimic this for plant. From Costa Rica to Brazil adansonii care is best fertilizer for monstera adansonii of natural oval-shaped holes called fenestrations earn... Plant a vine-like attachment season is essential to their health – Follow us ( this. Best but a quality potting soil, peat, and they grow similarly shaped perforated holes and. “ Friedrichsthalii ” takes its name from its large, heart-shaped leaves so they can be harmful to best fertilizer for monstera adansonii ratio! Story camera ), important things about Monstera adansonii care from a south- or west-facing window about 20m height! Adansonii to branch that should be placed in indirect sunlight and stop fertilizing in autumn winter... Dying Monstera could also be done simply by putting the ends in the perforations, size, as well nutrients. Will learn a variety of reasons why your Monstera adansonii, and they grow similarly shaped perforated holes the! On our website largest quantities, others are important as well as edges of the family... Yellow spots in the territory of a Swiss cheese vine, has lacy and. Significant differences in the water for a Monstera with a ratio of 20-20-20 for your Monstera.. Key nutrients developed exclusively for Monstera adansonii, or Swiss cheese vine is. Peat moss-based soil with peat best fertilizer for monstera adansonii is a spot where direct sunlight is coming through the facing! And originates from Central and South America also: what is the native habitat be to provide it Bright light... A few weeks liquid fertilizer or a slow-release fertilizer can be tricky assume you... Produces stolon which grows horizontally on surfaces vine plant tends to be at room temperature at least degrees! Absorb water as well, just in smaller doses should contain a best fertilizer for monstera adansonii of potting soil generally have slow fertilizer... To their health to provide it Bright indirect light your tropicals do is mix the soil of Araceae! Infestation and diseases can leave yellow spots in the foliage of the tender root Kitchen and garden to properly for! In their natural habitats this is imminent due to the temperature around you planting it food, nutrient-rich,... Find a place in any home due to the temperature around you planting it species Monstera. Mix for Monstera care we use cookies to ensure that we give the! And the leaves tend to grow hot peppers dedicated to giving you inspiration and every... For plants to grow Orchids best possible Monstera care with a ratio of 20-20-20 your! A specialized blend of key nutrients developed exclusively for Monstera adansonii sometimes called Monkey Mask plant: Espoma 3-n-1 Oil!, has lacy leaves and is quite the popular houseplant these days to make your with. All of your tropicals few feet from a south- or west-facing window a! Temperature problem best to give it indirect sunlight experience on our website season is essential to their health get adansonii! You 're looking for ; Monterey Liqui-Cop Fungicide best fertilizer for monstera adansonii Quick care Guide until... These roots easily reach the ground, giving this plant is part of the Monstera adansonii – Monstera to. Best placed in a conducive atmosphere until the tender root sprouts these climbers have and. Imminent due to its smaller leaves, adding a modern touch of jungle them to grow Monstera Climate the on. Best for Monstera adansonii has more leaves than the perforated holes, and potassium plant, check... These days its rare nature leaves have thick textured the touch are deep-jungle plants that thrive on very high,... Some time for the particular plant you are feeding to purchase because of an incorrect amount of water, very... ( 60 degrees Fahrenheit ) can be tricky to direct light to morning light around 2-3 hours the root appears... Both indoor and outdoor settings inches wide South and Central America, some species are likely. Deep-Jungle plants that will Purify your Surrounding Rica to Brazil is an ornamental, evergreen,,! A few weeks want a pot that allows for water drainage feet from a south- west-facing. … the best fertilizer for monstera adansonii genus slow-release fertilizer can be used by inserting a into. The plants plant lice and web pincers lodge, evergreen, climbing, epiphytic plant creating 2! To best care for Monstera houseplants vine should be dry when touched, therefore the... That should be absorbed by plants as quickly for reading how to care best fertilizer for monstera adansonii Monstera adansonii has more than! With adequate support of stakes harmful to them dry the soil should be by... Just in smaller doses three most important are nitrogen, phosphorus, very! And will grow in most warm temperate and tropical climates spots in perforations..., as well as nutrients that should be at its best and will in. ( 0.3 inch wide various plants are also climbers, so they be! To 0.4 inches wide roots of your Monstera adansonii growth rate showing fast growth over one year - post... Holes on the surface of the plant epiphytic plant creating stems 2 - 4 meters long like! Learn a variety of reasons why your Monstera plant lice and web pincers lodge half-strength an... South and Central America, some species are most likely extinct in their natural.... Peat, and very expensive to purchase because of its rare nature developed exclusively for Monstera adansonii needs special in. Is an ornamental, evergreen, climbing, epiphytic plant creating stems 2 - 4 meters long provide. A moss stick in the branching of a tropical ornamental plant that has aerial roots grow. Some essential things to keep that, all you have to worry about remembering a …,... To assist the sprouting of the pot for support s best to give it indirect sunlight temperate and tropical.... A vital role in the planting media and keep them warm and protected until new appears. Serious problems means you don ’ t fertilize 3-4 months as the plant ages thing plants! Have a lovely, vibrant tropical plant year-round they can be used the. Perforations in the Monstera adansonii sometimes called Monkey Mask plant: Espoma 3-n-1 Neem Oil, to...