In Christ—St. 1. Good conversation means their conduct or manner of life is good and in harmony with t.he word-of God. “It 3 will not leave even a root or branch. * Peter had been a fisherman before being called to be an apostle; but Jesus called Peter, along with his brother Andrew and his partners James and John, to become “fishers of men” – Luke 5:1-11; Matthew 4:18-22. Jesus is the eternal God in human flesh, the second person of the Trinity. Jesus said, “I came that they may have life and have it abundantly”—a complete life full of purpose (John 10:10). 1 Peter 3:16. συνείδησιν ἔχοντες ἀγαθήν] These words are taken by several interpreters (Bengel, Steiger, de Wette, etc.) It centres in Christ; and in personal union by faith with him the believer lives, walks, and acts. If we persist in disobeying, the window gets dirtier and dirtier, until the light cannot enter. to the N. T.). It is your good walk as Christians, not as citizens, that calls forth malice (1 Peter 4:4-5; 1 Peter 4:14). But on the other hand it may be pure (2 Timothy 1:3), void of offence (Acts 24:16), or good (here and at 1 Peter 3:21; as also Acts 23:1; 1 Timothy 1:5; 1 Timothy 1:19; Hebrews 13:18). It is even possible for the conscience to be so poisoned that it approves things that are bad and accuses when the person does good! If, then, we would render approved of God the confession of our faith, all boasting must be put aside, all contention must be relinquished. katalaleo. It is a purely practical statement of how the moral consciousness works. Barnes's 1-peter 3:16 Bible Commentary Having a good conscience - That is, a conscience that does not accuse you of having done wrong. 17 For it is better to suffer for doing good, if that should be God's will, than for doing evil. In vindicating to others the hope that is in ourselves, we must be able to point to the witness of the life in confirmation of the words: ‘Our acts our angels are, or good or ill, Our fatal shadows that walk by us still,’, in order that in the matter wherein ye are spoken against they may be put to shame who abuse your good behaviour (or, manner of life) in Christ. 4 1 “For indeed the day 2 is coming, burning like a furnace, and all the arrogant evildoers will be chaff. 1 Therefore, since Christ has suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same purpose, because he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, 2 so as to live the rest of the time in the flesh no longer for the lusts of men, but for the will of God (1 Peter 4:1-2). 16.A good conscience—A consciousness of rectitude. in Matthew 5:44 (where, however, it is rejected by the best critics as insufficiently attested), and Luke 6:28, where it is rendered ‘despitefully use.’ As in classical Greek it has the sense of insulting, acting insolently to one, abusively threatening one, it is best rendered here ‘abuse,’ or (with R. V.) ‘revile,’ and the reference will therefore be to coarse and insolent misrepresentation of the way in which Christians live in the face of heathenism, rather than to ‘accusations’ in the stricter sense. And with the notation that it was his first inspired letter. One unchristian action will disgrace it more than we can repair by the largest and best framed speeches on its behalf.’. To gain everlasting life, we must have faith in Jesus. They speak evil of you, as of evil doers.—Tischendorf follows one of the best manuscripts and the Pesehito-Syriac version in reading whereas ye are evil spoken of. No matter how good, wise, or fervent the “reason” given, if the life is inconsistent with the defense what good is it? People can know when they sin. The Bible says, “God so loved the world that He gave His one and only Son, [Jesus Christ], that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life” (John 3:16). Luther, for example, felt it to be a ‘dark speech,’ and inclined to very different views of its meaning at different periods of his career. But do it. Profession without practice has no weight. The words ‘as evil-doers,’ which are inserted here by the A. V., and some weighty manuscripts and Versions, are omitted by the Revised Version and some of the best critics. Whereas.—The word means precisely the same as in 1 Peter 2:12, where see Note. (Colossians 1:17) He is But the defense of the tongue will avail but little, except the life corresponds with it. Who… harm you —The general experience of the world is, that good and benevolent men need anticipate no injury from the malice and violence of the wicked. with ἁγιάσατε, 1 Peter 3:14, as co-ordinate with ἕτοιμοι; Wiesinger construes them with ἕτοιμοι, as subordinate to it. Title: The letter has always been identified (as are most general epistles, like James, John and Jude), with the name of the author, Peter. The phrase “in Christ,” i.e., as members of the Church, occurs again in 1 Peter 5:10; 1 Peter 5:14, and the thought is common enough in St. John (e.g. ‘and keep a good conscience’-‘keep’-present tense. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. It is forgotten, too, that the passage cannot fairly be dealt with as a doctrinal digression, but must be read in the light of the writer’s immediate object. We meet criticism with life beyond reproach. ), and as at once exponent of moral law, judge, and sentiment (comp. It contains the converse side of the Incarnation doctrine to that involved in 1 Peter 3:15; we not only have the whole Christ dwelling in us, but He embraces us all; “Ye in me, and I in you” (John 14:20). The question consequently is, what exposition is best sustained by the detailed exegesis of the several terms, does most justice to the plainer elements in the paragraph, such as the historical reference to Noah and the building of the ark, etc., and is in clearest harmony with the writer’s design, namely, to arm believers smarting under the sense of wrongful suffering with Christ-like endurance? One day they willlive with God in heaven and share God’s *glory. Jesus then gave Peter the name of Cephas – John 1:40-42. Still, it is not so. And those sins can be repented of, confessed and forgiven (1 John 1:8-10). It should at once be allowed that no exposition has yet succeeded in removing all the difficulties. 1 Peter 3:16. Many of the greatest exegetes and theologians have held a very uncertain position on the subject, or have confessed themselves baffled by it. See Roy B. Zuck, "The Doctrine of Conscience," Bibliotheca Sacra126:504 (October-December1969):329-340.]. It may be weak (1 Corinthians 8:7; 1 Corinthians 8:12), evil (Hebrews 10:22), defiled (Titus 1:15), seared (1 Timothy 4:2). ‘”A saint”, as someone has said, “is someone whose life makes it easier to believe in God.”’ (Barclay p. 274) 2. 1 Peter 3:21 says: . A good conscience is possible when we know our suffering is in spite of good behavior, not because of bad behavior (cf. ‘so that’-Some people won’t be convinced by the truth. Luke 6:28. Falsely accuse.—Literally, insult, that is, “odiously calumniate.” The word occurs again only in Luke 6:28. Whatever may be the accusations of your enemies, so live that you may be at all times conscious of uprightness. The coming day will burn them up,” says the Lord who rules over all. (1 Peter 1:3) For another, he gave his life for mankind. I believe Peter’s words have a two-fold meaning. . English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. That their accusations aren’t grounded in the truth, rather, they are grounded in envy, jealousy, self-pity and dishonesty (1 Peter 2:12; Matthew 5:16; Romans 12:20-21). In considering these problems, two things are too often overlooked. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Greek Scripture. 16. There is a similar division of opinion among textual experts as to whether we should read in the first clause, ‘ye are spoken against’ (which is preferred by the Revised Version), or ‘they speak evil of you,’ as in the A. V. The verb, which the A. V. translates ‘falsely accuse,’ occurs only twice again in the Received Text of the N. T., viz. 1 Peter 3:21 and 3:16 explain each other. The way to prove them wrong, is to live a godly life. In any case, the words “as of evil doers” should be removed. Is the ministry, if such is referred to, one that took place prior to the Incarnation, between the Death and the Resurrection, or after the Resurrection? 1 Peter 3:16 ‘and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ may be put to shame.’. It is essential that it be given not only in meekness and fear, but in the calm, clear strength of a mind conscious of nothing in the walk to give the lie to the apology. It is easy to see how the ordinary reading would come in, from the similarity of 1 Peter 2:12; and we may pretty confidently adopt the emendation. Read Introduction to 1 Peter “Having a good conscience, that when they defame you as evildoers, those who revile your good conduct in Christ may be ashamed.” Having a good conscience, The phrase “having a good conscience” develops “with meekness and fear” (3:15). Author – Date: The opening verse of the epistle claims it was written by Peter, who was clearly the leader among Christ’s apostles. Scripture: 1 Peter 3:1… The remarkable paragraph about a preaching to the spirits in prison has been regarded by many eminent theologians as the primary proof text for the article of faith which is embodied in the creeds in the terms He descended into hell, on which so many different meanings have been put. When the critics make their approach with the questions, they often imply that no good reason can be given for the conduct of the disciples because they (the disciples) are evildoers so they will say. It is one of three Petrine passages (Acts 2:25-31; 1 Peter 4:6), which seem to many to be closely related. Are the men of Noah’s generation introduced in their proper historical position, or only as examples of a general class? The thanksgiving for our great salvation, 1 Peter 1:3-12 —Hic murus aheneus esto, Nil conseire sibi.——— Be this thy brazen bulwark of defence, Still to preserve thy conscious innocence. It centres in Christ; and in personal union by faith with him the believer lives, walks, and acts. 1 Peter 2:19; 1 Peter 3:4; 1 Peter 3:6). The interpretations put upon the passage have been too numerous to admit of detailed statement, not to speak of criticism, here. conduct is far higher than a mere worldly, dead morality. The depth of God’s love is expressed in the words, “he gave his only-begotten Son.” * Jesus was a unique Son of God. People still complain about the godly behavior of Christians. 2 But for you who respect my name, the sun of vindication 4 will rise with healing wings, 5 and you will skip about 6 like calves released from the stall. He therefore says, that they may be ashamed, who blame your good conversation in Christ, and who speak against you as evil-doers; as though he had said, “If your adversaries have nothing to allege against you, except that you follow Christ, they will at length be ashamed of their malicious wickedness, or at least, your innocence will be sufficient to confute them.”. . Lex. A "seared conscience" is one that has been so sinned against that it no longer is sensitive to what is right and wrong ( 1 Timothy 4:2). D Edmond Hiebert - An Outline of 1 Peter I. 3. As there is an awkwardness, however, in attributing moral qualities to the conscience itself (we can scarcely speak, e.g., of a holy conscience), in this connection the adjective may perhaps have the sense of unimpaired, uninjured (see Cremer’s Biblicotheol. John Piper Sep 4, 1994 55 Shares Sermon. FRANCIS'S HORACE. There is an honor to be paid to persons simply because they are humans. There is even an honor that we owe to the most despicable of criminals, like a Ted Bundy, just because he is a human and not a dog. Good conversation; consistent life. Comm. And without this good conscience and conversation we cut ourselves short of other apologies for religion, whatever we may say for it. There are some writers (e.g. (16) Having a good conscience.—This strikes the key-note of the paragraph. It is forgotten how precarious it is to erect upon one or two of the obscurities of Scripture a great system of doctrine, which is not in evident harmony with the general view of grace which clearly pervades the Bible. By doing this, those who accuse Christians of evil conduct will be made ashamed of the things they say against you.”. Heaven is their real home. . And that honor belongs to male and female equally. The salutation, 1 Peter 1:1-2 B. Whose adorning let it not be that outward adorning of plaiting the hair, and of wearing of gold, or of … M’Cosh, Div. 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