The Catholic Church has released the official theme and logo for the fifth centenary of Christianity in the Philippines. The Philippines is the 5th largest Christian country on Earth, with about 90% of the population being adherents. 0 21 0 obj <> endobj A history of Christianity in the Philippines by T. Valentino Sitoy, 1985, New Day Publishers edition, in English Christianity then spread through the missionary work of his apostles, first in the Levant and taking roots in the major cities such as Jerusalem and Antioch. [9] This resistance to Western intrusion makes this story an important part of the nationalist history of the Philippines. The Philippines is approximately 85 percent Christian (mostly Roman Catholic), 10 percent Muslim, and 5 percent 'other' religions, including the Taoist-Buddhist religious beliefs of Chinese and the 'indigenous' animistic beliefs of some peoples in upland areas that resisted 300 years of Spanish colonial rule. They had trade contacts with early Malayan Rajahs and Datos that had ruled these various Islands. xref Philippines. In May, the Flores de Mayo (literally, "Flowers of May") is when small altars are bedecked with flowers in honour of the Virgin Mary. Filipino infants and individuals are more often than not expected to be baptised as Christians to affirm faith in Christ and membership in a specific denomination.[12]. [7][8], In 1521, the Portuguese navigator and explorer Ferdinand Magellan under the service of Spain came across the Philippines while searching for the Spice Islands. 500 Years of Christianity in the Philippines THE ELEMENTS The CROSS signifies the Christian sign of salvation. %%EOF CEBU CITY – The Roman Catholic Church in the country has bared the series of events to highlight the commemoration of the 500th anniversary of … In order to achieve this, Spain had three principal objectives in its policy towards the Philippines: the first was to secure Spanish control and acquisition of a share in the spice trade; use the islands in developing contact with Japan and China in order to further Christian missionaries’ efforts there; and lastly to spread their religion.[10]. Sultanates in Mindanao retained the Islamic faith, which had been present in the southern Philippines since some time between the 10th and 12th century, had slowly spread north throughout the archipelago, particularly in coastal areas. Early Christian presence in the Malay archipelago and the Philippine Islands may be traced to Arab Christiantraders from the Arabian Peninsula. The Visita Iglesia is the praying of the Stations of the Cross in several churches (often numbering seven) on either Maundy Thursday or Good Friday. Processions are a staple throughout the week, the most important being on Holy Wednesday, Good Friday (where the burial of Christ is reenacted with a town's Santo Entierro image) and the joyous Salubong that precedes the first Mass on Easter Sunday. Sitoy's work is one more contribution to Christianity's history in the Philippines, a task spurred on by the fourth centennial celebrations of the Christianization of the country held in 1965. H��Uko�H��_1�Tn����J%ew[ ��jUU+�:�W�f������c�PWH`3s�=��sg����@�S�YB�����2�)y_F7Q���1b$#�$�.�%�$����b��H�#��ߟD�dKh��`K4� � 0000000636 00000 n After Magellan, Miguel López de Legazpi conquered the Islamised Kingdom of Maynila in 1570. The Spanish missionaries were able to spread Christianity in Luzon and the Visayas, but the diverse array of ethno-linguistic groups in the highland areas of Luzon avoided Spanish annexation owing to their remote and difficult mountainous region. Later, these Arab traders along with Persian Nestorians, stopped by … It is also one of two predominantly Roman Catholic nations in Asia (the other being East Timor) and, as of 2010[update], was the third largest Catholic country in the world. [1] As of 2019[update], it was the third largest Catholic country in the world (the first two being Brazil and Mexico) and was one of two predominantly Catholic nations in Asia (the other being East Timor). 5 5Throughout several years of Pew Research studies on global restrictions on religion, the Philippines consistently has displayed a “low” level of government restrictions on religion. As with Christmas and Lent, most Filipinos also return home in the period (the third most important in the calendar), but with the main intent of visiting and cleaning ancestral tombs. With the spread of Islam in Arabia, much of the Christian heritage of Arabia had ended and the Arab travelers focused more on spreading Islam to Mindanao,[6] through which they transmitted the knowledge of Jesus as a prophet to the Moro people. 0000003292 00000 n 500 Years of Christianity In 2021 the Philippines will mark half a millennium of Christianity in the country. 0000000856 00000 n His work attempts to tell "not Communities also hold the Santacruzan, which is part-procession honouring the finding of the Cross (on its old Galician date), and part-fashion show for a town's maidens. After the service, worshippers eat or buy a breakfast of traditional delicacies that are sold in churchyards, the most common being puto bumbóng and bibingka. The Philippines has two lines of … 0000002377 00000 n 30. sion between the traditional religion of the native Filipinos and Catholicism. This page was last edited on 9 August 2020, at 00:04. Holy Week in the Philippines is a period especially rich in centuries-old tradition, which have undertones from indigenous customs and beliefs that date back to the pre-Christian period. Magellan (or one of his men) was able to cure or help the young boy, and in gratitude Humabon allowed himself, his chief consort Humamay, and 800 of his subjects to be baptised en masse. Practises include the continuous melodic recital of the Pasyón, a 17th-century epic poem which narrates Biblical stories and the life of Christ, with a focus on the Passion narrative (hence its name). Protestantism’s true mark on the Philippines was in the transmission of American values, including interest in sports, music, and civil organization. 0000000918 00000 n Here, it is prominently depicted as the Magellan’s cross. Fasting and abstinence is undertaken throughout the season and traditional taboos are enforced on Good Friday, usually after 3:00 p.m. PHT (UTC+8)—the time Christ is said to have died—all through Black Saturday until the Easter Vigil. Christian Church History in the Philippines 5121, Roman Catholicism in the Philippines In 1521, the Portuguese navigator and explorer Ferdinand Magellan, under Spain’s service (Spanish Expedition), was on a mission to discover the “Spice Islands.” He … David J. Steinberg, 1982, The Philippines: A Singular and a Plural Place. The National Council of Churches in the Philippines, a community of Protestant churches, was formed in 1963. 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