In its 11 miles, the lower Bluestone River offers excellent warm water fishing, hiking, boating, and scenery. Bluestone is … As 400,000,000 year-old rivers wound their way through the landscape, they left behind pockets of sandstone in Pennsylvania and southern New York. [5], The Bluestone rises on East River Mountain in Tazewell County, Virginia and flows generally northeastwardly through Mercer and Summers counties in West Virginia, passing the towns of Bluefield in Virginia and Bramwell and Montcalm in West Virginia. The drainage is situated between the Kigluaik Mountains and Port Clarence. The durable stone was used throughout eastern North America, mostly to make sidewalks, but also as architectural and decorative stone. Regional Geology Bluestone National Scenic River is a part of the Appalachian Plateaus Physiographic Provinceand shares its geologic history and some characteristic geologic formations with a region that extends well beyond park boundaries. Bluestone River at I-77 Bridge. [3] Via the New, Kanawha and Ohio rivers, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River. It joins the New River about 4 mi (6.4 km) south of Hinton as part of Bluestone Lake, which is formed by a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers dam on the New. [9] The eastern branch, Gold Run, measures approximately 20 miles (32 km) in length (has the settlement at Sulivan [10]) and has a crooked course, traveling northwest before turning east–west; Alder Creek is an eastern tributary (short length of 2 miles (3.2 km)[11]). Positioned at the top of the dam, the crest gates allow excess water to flow out of the reservoir in extreme high water conditions. The Bluestone River Placer was closed at the time of data entry with no known plans to re-open. The river is a popular … The USGS (U.S. Geological Survey) publishes a set of the most commonly used topographic maps of the U.S. called US Topo that are separated into rectangular quadrants that are printed at 22.75"x29" or larger. The Bluestone River Placer is near Teller, Alaska. The United States Geological Survey has a number of stream gages located throughout West Virginia. South and east tributaries to the Bluestone River, such as Gold Run Creek, have bedrock assemblages that include chlorite schist, some amphibolite, and metamorphosed mafic intrusive bodies. In places, the retrograded greenschist facies mafic bodies preserve remnant blueschist facies minerals. Over time, geological pressure and heat compress these deposits into solid layers. DESCRIPTION: Latitude 37°32'38", Longitude 81°00'38" NAD27 Summers County, West Virginia, Hydrologic Unit 05050002 Drainage area: 395 square miles The ore mined is composed of gold. The Bluestone River rises along the northern flank of East River Mountain, 2.5 miles southwest of Springville, Virginia, and flows northeast 83 miles through Mercer County and Summers County in West Virginia to join the New River. The term generally refers to flagstones quarried in the Hudson River Valley in central and south New York, as well as in northern Pennsylvania. Sainsbury and others (1969) mapped placer mining operations along 1.25 miles of the main drainage at surface elevations between 95 and 145 feet. As 400,000,000 year-old rivers wound their way through the landscape, they left behind pockets of sandstone in Pennsylvania and southern New York. Bluestone River at I-77 Bridge. [12], The geological formations recorded in the river basin consist generally of a metapelitic sequence. [6], Placer mining operations have been noted at several locations in the river since 1969. Just as the river flows toward the north, the average elevation of the surrounding ridges also decreases northward, and the rock layers show this same inclination, or dip . Gold found on benches and in the main drainage was reported to be fine grained material and some nuggets were also recovered. This drop can be visualized by looking down at the river from Hawks Nest, because Hawks Nest is about 750 feet above the river at the same elevation as Bluestone Dam (Figure 3). Mafic intrusives have been noted in the locally metamorphosed zones. Bluestone National Scenic River is preserved as a living landscape that provides an unspoiled experience for visitors and … Where the river valley broadens, it forks instead of expanding into a broad flood plain. Get updated West Virginia river … Allegheny Front; ... Little Bluestone River; Little Kanawha River; Lost River; Lost World Caverns; Maps, Atlases, and Gazetteers; ... West Fork River; West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey; Wetlands; Wheeling Island; I. C. White; Sedimentary rock often contains fossils, because the pressures and temperatures required for its formation are not usually high enough … There are over a thousand species of plants growing in several diverse Appalachian forest habitat types. [7][8], The Bluestone has been compromised by PCB contamination, largely left over from former coal mining activities. [3] It was named in 1900 by Edward Chester Barnard, topographer of the United States Geological Survey. Bluestone is composed of red and green, and gray to dark-gray shales, siltstones, sandstones, minor calcareous beds, and thin coals. Time spent in thoughtful solitude along this little mountain river offers the visitor a vestige of primitive America. The USGS (U.S. Geological Survey) publishes a set of the most commonly used topographic maps of the U.S. called US Topo that are separated into rectangular quadrants that are printed at 22.75"x29" or larger. In places, the retrograded greenschist facies mafic bodies preserve remnant blueschist facies minerals. The general geology of the Teller area has never been studied in detail. [7] Gold was also found in a tributary mining location on Skookum Creek. Gold Run Creek and North Fork Bluestone River come together to form the north-flowing Bluestone River at a surface elevation of 190 feet. Regional Geology Bluestone National Scenic River is a part of the Appalachian Plateaus Physiographic Provinceand shares its geologic history and some characteristic geologic formations with a region that extends well beyond park boundaries. South and east tributaries to the Bluestone River, such as Gold Run Creek, have bedrock assemblages that include chlorite schist, some amphibolite, and metamorphosed mafic intrusive bodies. The Bluestone basin features mica and chlorite schists, beds of limestone, intrusive mafic masses altered to greenstone, and small quartz veins, particularly in the Gold Run Creek, a southern and eastern tributary of the Bluestone River. The Bluestone River and the rugged and ancient gorge it has carved is a richly diverse and scenic area of the southern Appalachians. Nature and The Sciences » Geography and Geology. The rugged and ancient Bluestone River Gorge is a richly diverse and scenic area of the southern Appalachian Mountains. Geology: Bedrock in the Bluestone River drainage is mostly a metapelitic sequence with local metamorphosed mafic intrusive bodies (Sainsbury, 1972). Gold was mined on Gold Run, Alder Creek (a Gold Run tributary), and on Bering Creek (a Right Fork tributary), while the Bluestone Placer Mine was established 15 miles (24 km) south of the U.S. government's Teller Reindeer Station, which had been in operation for about eight years. Mafic intrusives have been noted in the locally metamorphosed zones. [11], The Little Bluestone River[12] is a minor tributary of the Bluestone in Summers County, fewer than 10 mi (15 km) in length from its formation by the confluence of two streams, White Oak Branch and Jumping Branch. ... U.S. Geological Survey Title: USGS Current Conditions for the Nation URL: https://waterdata.usgs.gov/nwis/uv? After flowing about 77 miles the river empties into the New River at an elevation of about 1,400 feet above sea level. Among the greatest research universities around the world, MSU concentrate In some areas, minerals recorded are blueschist facies and retrograde greenschist facies. Bluestone is a variety of sandstone. Here, the river valley is characterized as being broad, with flood plains measuring at least 0.5 miles (0.80 km) in width. The river is a popular warm-water … All that is known has been acquired from brief examinations during recon- naissahce of the placer deposits. This data is published on the web and many stations allow users to plot custom graphs. The Pride Shale Member, which occurs at the base of the Bluestone, is a distinctive unit of dark-gray shale and siltstone. Native American names have included the following: Columbia Gazetteer of North America entry, "USGS 03179000 BLUESTONE RIVER NEAR PIPESTEM, WV", Virginia Department of Environmental Quality, "West Virginia Fish Consumption Advisories", West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources, "Fecal Bacteria and General Standard Total Maximum Daily Load Development for the Bluestone River", U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Little Bluestone River, U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bluestone River, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bluestone_River&oldid=997306219, Tributaries of the New River (Kanawha River tributary), Wild and Scenic Rivers of the United States, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 22:40. All Articles Categorized with Geography and Geology. An 11 mi (18 km) portion of its lower course in West Virginia is designated as the Bluestone National Scenic River. North American bluestone generally consists of limestone or sandstone, both of which form underwater through the deposition of the granular remains of other rocks and minerals. The gold–bearing gravels were found to have cinnabar and platinum-group metals. 22, 2010 (2) Upstream of Bluestone River from Rte. The Bluestone River rises along the northern flank of East River Mountain, 2.5 miles southwest of Springville, Virginia, and flows northeast 83 miles through Mercer County and Summers County in West Virginia to join the New River. The geological age of these formations is conjectured as Paleozoic. The western split is known as Right Fork. It formed as rivers flowed off a former mountain range along the eastern seaboard. summarized the general geology of the Bluestone River basin and the area north of Grantley Harbor. Bluestone River is covered by the Pipestem, WV US Topo Map quadrant Eleven miles of its lower course are protected by the National Park Service as the Bluestone National Scenic River. South and east tributaries to the Bluestone River, such as Gold Run Creek, have bedrock assemblages that include chlorite schist, some amphibolite, and metamorphosed mafic intrusive bodies. The Bluestone River is a tributary of the New River, 77 mi (124 km) long, in southwestern Virginia and southern West Virginia in the United States. Aaron Crumbaugh. [9] West Virginia recommends eating no more than one meal of carp per month. Bluestone State Park, Pipestem Resort State Park, and a portion of Camp Creek State Park are also located in the map area. As a result of this contamination, Virginia does not recommend eating any carp in the upstream vicinity of Bluefield, Virginia. Bluestone River is covered by the Pipestem, WV US Topo Map quadrant The lithologic types For about 10 miles (16 km) above the river's mouth, Bluestone traverses a rolling plateau with an elevation of 400–600 feet (120–180 m). USGS 03179000 BLUESTONE RIVER NEAR PIPESTEM, WV. [7] The Bluestone basin features mica and chlorite schists, beds of limestone, intrusive mafic masses altered to greenstone, and small quartz veins,[13] particularly in the Gold Run Creek, a southern and eastern tributary of the Bluestone River. They flowed from the west and south-west of the state more or less to the point where the Merri Creek meets the Yarra River in Melbourne. The river's average gradient measures approximately 30 feet (9.1 m) per mile. Geology: Bedrock in the Bluestone River drainage is mostly a metapelitic sequence with local metamorphosed mafic intrusive bodies (Sainsbury, 1972). [8] The area contains flat-topped hills. Spokane, Washington Vice President of Marketing and Business Development Food Production Education Michigan State University 1997 — 2002 Bachelor of Applied Science (BASc), Advertising California School of Culinary Arts 2004 — 2004 Associate of Arts (A.A.), Culinary Arts/Chef Training Experience Thompson River Ranch LLC March 2014 - Present Crumbaugh Consulting July … Page Contact Information: West Virginia Water Data Support Team Page Last Modified: 2020-12-27 08:21:41 EST Archaeologists working at Stonehenge also refer to the igneous rocks there, such as diabase and rhyolite, as bluestone. Bluestone Dam also contains a set of 21 crest gates. 19 bridge - … Above this section of the river the valley contains a steep-walled canyon noting flat-topped mountains 1,200 feet (370 m) in height. The durable stone was used throughout eastern North America, mostly to make sidewalks, but also as architectural and decorative stone. Historically the site has been part of the Port Clarence Mining District. [5] Settlements sprung up near and on Port Clarence, the larger being Teller, which, by autumn 1900, had a post office and a population of about 1,000. Historically the site has been part of the Port Clarence Mining District. Bluestone River is a north-flowing stream whose mouth is on the south shore of Tuksuk Channel, 11 miles southeast of Teller. The site was first discovered in 1899. These rocks are mainly sedimentary in origin and are probably early Paleozoic in age. The majority of the quarries are in Devonian rocks. Bluestone was the name given to the Devonian river sandstones — or feldspathic graywackes to be precise — in the area that could be split into fine, flat slabs and were bluish-gray in color. The spectacular scenery of the Bluestone River Gorge is the result of erosion through the Princeton and Glady Fork Sandstones. Bluestone is hard, and difficult to carve, but immensely strong for building and foundations. Michigan State University was employed to advance the common good in rare ways for at least 150 decades. Photos (1) IFLOWS SG/RG - Bluestone River at Spanishburg - Mar. Birds, such as hawks and golden eagles, ride the air currents above the canyon walls, while a variety of mammals use both the uplands and the canyon bottoms. The Bluestone placer mines were located about 18 miles (29 km) from Teller with the trail between the two characterized as uphill, covered with moss, and "very poor walking for both man and beast". [10], In Virginia, the state Department of Environmental Quality does not recommend any contact recreation (such as swimming or wading) in the Bluestone due to high levels of fecal coliform bacteria. [6] A second settlement on Port Clarence, Bering City, afforded ships closer proximity to the shore and was only 12 miles (19 km) from the Bluestone mines, but had only a fifth of the population of Teller, which was 5 miles (8.0 km) to the north. A tributary of the Tuksuk Channel from the south, Bluestone is a north-flowing stream situated 11 miles (18 km) southeast of Teller. The most famous building stone in New York after brownstone is another sandstone known by its color: bluestone. [4], After gold was discovered in the early summer of 1900, mining operations commenced. Formation. ~rooksllin 1900, Collierzin 1902, and Collier and others3 in 1908 summarized the general geology of the Bluestone River basin and the area north of Grantley Harbor. The Bluestone's National Scenic River segment is located mostly in Summers County, as is Pipestem Resort S… Wildlife. 31 campsites in the park’s campground are equipped with full hookup options (electric, water, and sewer hookups) for RVs, while 19 campsites have electric hookups only. The geological formations recorded in the river basin consist generally of a metapelitic sequence. Lowland flooding begins in portions of Bluestone Valley. South and east tributaries to the Bluestone River, such as Gold Run Creek, have bedrock assemblages that include chlorite schist, some amphibolite, and metamorphosed mafic intrusive bodies. Production size when active was considered to be small. It, too, follows a crooked course, traveling westward before turning to the east at the junction with Gold Run; Right Fork also has several tributaries. It formed as rivers flowed off a former mountain range along the eastern seaboard. [3], Location of the mouth of the Bluestone River in Alaska, Derived by entering source coordinates in, sfn error: no target: CITEREFU.S._Geological_SurveyBrooksCollier1901 (, U.S. Geological Survey, Brooks & Collier 1901, "Bluestone River Mine, Port Clarence District, Nome Borough, Alaska, USA", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bluestone_River_(Alaska)&oldid=977825898, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Confluence of Gold Run and Right Fork Bluestone River, This page was last edited on 11 September 2020, at 06:35. Bluestone is a variety of sandstone. Good examples of this stone are found on the James Madison University Campus. Located about 12 miles south of Bluestone National Scenic River, along Bluestone River, Pipestem State Park features 82 campsites available for RVs and tents. The production reveals the area’s geology and geography and what makes the New, Gauley and Bluestone rivers unique when it comes to boating and enjoying life along these streams. In some areas, minerals recorded are blueschist facies and retrograde greenschist Bluestone River The Bluestone River begins at an elevation of about 3,500 feet above sea level on East River Mountain, Tazewell County, Virginia. The ore mined is composed of gold. The Bluestone River Placer was closed at the time of data entry with no known plans to re-open. After flowing about 77 miles the river empties into the New River at an elevation of about 1,400 feet above sea level. The bedrock of the area is considered a part of the lower undifferentiated portion of the Nome group. The Bluestone rises on East River Mountain in Tazewell County, Virginia and flows generally northeastwardly through Mercer and Summers counties in West Virginia, passing the towns of Bluefield in Virginia and Bramwell and Montcalm in West Virginia. [7], The headwaters of the Bluestone River form in a valley, where it drains the region between Grantley Harbor and the Bering Sea, an area known as the Bluestone region. Bluestone has also been used to describe bluish limestone, particularly in the Shenandoah Valley. Bluestone River The Bluestone River begins at an elevation of about 3,500 feet above sea level on East River Mountain, Tazewell County, Virginia. Bluestone National Scenic River This scenic river preserves relatively unspoiled land in southern West Virginia and contains natural and historic features of the Appalachian plateau. The Bluestone's National Scenic River segment is located mostly in Summers County, as is Pipestem Resort State Park, which lies along a gorge formed by the river. Production size when active was considered to be small. Eleven miles of its lower course are protected by the National Park Service as the Bluestone National Scenic River. Bluestone River is a waterway located on the Seward Peninsula in the U.S. state of Alaska. These estimate stream levels, discharges and record them over time. Bluestone was the name given to the Devonian river sandstones — or feldspathic graywackes to be precise — in the area that could be split into fine, flat slabs and were bluish-gray in color. The site was first discovered in 1899. The geology of Virgin River and its tributaries offer world-class opportunities for canyoneering, rock climbing, hiking and wilderness experiences. [6][7] It joins the New River about 4 mi (6.4 km) south of Hinton as part of Bluestone Lake,[3] which is formed by a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers dam on the New. [7], According to the Geographic Names Information System, the Bluestone River has also been known as:[13]. States Geological Survey has a number of stream gages located throughout West Virginia recommends eating no more than one of. 77 miles the River empties into the New, Kanawha and Ohio rivers, it forks instead of into! 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